Introduction

Electrical Equipment: Associated Electrical Industries (Metropolitan Vickers)
Mechanical Construction: Beyer-Peacock
Built: 1961

8200882008 comes from the world-famous Beyer-Peacock locomotive works in Gorton, Manchester. It's the only one of the five early designs to be constructed with an aluminium body. Regarded as one of the best riding locomotives of the early designs, it survived only because of use on empty stock duties at Euston. It was originally preserved in 1992, but passed to the Group in 1997. 82008 was repainted into InterCity Executive livery in August 2005, and has received minor electrical restoration at Barrow Hill. Some electrical equipment has already been returned to working order (including the cooling fans).

 

 

Class History

82008

The Metropolitan Vickers division of AEI received the second order of new AC electric locomotives for the West Coast Main Line electrification, and the result was this class of ten type AL2 locomotives. With mechanical construction subcontracted to Beyer-Peacock Ltd, Gorton, Manchester, the first loco to be delivered was E3046 which entered traffic at Longsight on 16 July 1960. Built with separate underframe and body, rather than the integral or semi-integral construction of the other types, these were the heaviest, but also nominally the most powerful of the five designs. They shared a good deal of equipment with type AL1, not surprising as both shared the same parent company (AEI). The last locomotive, E3055, was delivered in April 1962. This loco had a short, if not interesting, career. As built, it was the only one of the initial 100 locomotives not to carry two Stone-Faiveley pantographs, instead carrying one Faiveley and one AEI "cross-arm" pantograph as a trial (this type was later used on Class 87 and some Class 86). It was written off by fire in 1969 after sparks ignited the oil lubrication of the brake system and was stored for some time pending possible conversion to a prototype Thyristor / Silicon Recifier test loco in association with AEI. The other AL2 to be written off before renumbering to the TOPS system was class pioneer, E3046, which suffered a Traction Motor power control failure, believed to be the cause of a fire which gutted the rest of the loco.

During refurbishment in the early 1970s, the appearance of the Class was altered, with a revised louvre arrangement on the equipment side, necessitated by the replacement of the Mercury-Arc rectifiers with a Silicon semi-conductor type. Later physical alterations were confined to the plating over of the headcode panel and fitting of marker lights.

The class was allocated to Longsight (9A, later LG) from new until its mass-withdrawal in 1983, except for a period allocated to the general AC Lines code. Despite being the most powerful of the five types, and despite a reputation amongst drivers of having the best ride quality of the early ACs, the fact that the class was only eight strong meant that by 1983 it was non-standard, and was withdrawn together with the thirteen remaining Class 83s. A short time later, two were reinstated (nos. 82005 and 82008) and moved to Willesden depot for empty carriage (e.c.s.) duties at London Euston station. A third (82003) was retained for spare parts, while the other five made last journeys to Vic Berry's scrapyard. The e.c.s. locos had their maximum speed reduced to 40 mph, and remained at Willesden until 1987 when they were withdrawn for the last time.

The three survivors were returned north to Crewe where they became some of the first members of Crewe Electric Depot's "graveyard" of AC electrics. They remained there until 1993, when 82008 was purchased by Pete Waterman, the other two going for scrap at Booths, Rotherham.

Life & Times

82008

Last-but-one of the AL2s to be built, E3054 as it was then, was received into traffic in November 1961 (strangely before previously built E3053), allocated to Longsight. Typical of most AC locos, E3054 led an unremarkable main-line career, punctuated by refurbishment, repainting from Electric Blue to Rail Blue and renumbering as 82008. Withdrawn with the rest of the class in July 1983, 82008 was subsequently reinstated and moved to Willeden for empty carriage (ECS) duties at Euston. Celebrity status came in 1985 when it was repainted into InterCity Executive livery so as to match the carriages it was hauling. Its Stone-Faiveley pantograph was replaced by a "cross-arm" type during this time (somewhat reminiscent of the early trials with classmate E3055), which it still carries.

With decreasing work and the coming availability of Class 81s, 82008 was withdrawn from ECS duties in December 1987.

Following purchase by Pete Waterman in 1993, the loco received a quick repaint back into Rail Blue in time for display at Crewe Railfair in 1994, but otherwise no attention was given to it.

Restoration

82008

Purchased by the AC Locomotive Group in 1997, the loco was moved to Barrow Hill on 5th December 1998. It was repainted "temporarily" into Large Logo Blue livery in time for Barrow Hill's 1999 Easter Open Weekend, however the livery remained until the summer of 2005 as other priorities came and went! The loco is now in InterCity Executive colours, as carried during its time as an ECS loco.

In early 2000 a start was made on re-enlivening the electrical circuits, with the batteries and lighting circuits going live in March. By September, the cooling fans had been restored to operation, powered by a fixed supply to the Barrow Hill mains. Attention has also been given to the air-brakes, with the system being recertified in 2005.

The motor generator set was restarted in April 2001 using a Generator Car as a power supply, and subsequently all five fans have been run up using this power supply. A missing auxiliary transformer currently prevents the rectifier fans from being added to the chorus, but the overall effect is still impressive.

The loco attended the Crewe Electric Depot staff open day in November 2001, but its first public appearance away from Barrow Hill since purchase by the group was at the Crewe Works Open Days in September 2005.

A full, long-term, overhaul of the electrical equipment is planned.

Technical Details

GENERAL INFORMATION

Original Number E3054
BR TOPS Number 82008
Network Rail TOPS Number 82008 / 89554
Number Carried 82008
Current Livery InterCity Executive

GENERAL DETAILS - CLASS 82

Type / Class AL2 / 82
Original BR 1957 Number Series E3046-E3055
BR TOPS Original Number Series 82001-82008
Introduced 1960-1962

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

Builder Beyer Peacock & Company, Gorton, Manchester
Electrical Equipment Manufacturer Associated Electrical Industries (Metropolitan Vickers)
Works Number Series 1021/7884-1030/7893

PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS

Weight In Working Order 78.4 tons
Length Over Buffers 56'
Width 8' 9"
Height Over Body 12' 4 1/4"
Height Over Pantograph (lowered) 13' 0 9/16"
Wheelbase 40' 9"
Bogie Wheelbase 10'
Bogie Pivot Centres 30' 9"
Wheel Diameter 4'
Minimum Curve 4 chains

PERFORMANCE DETAILS

Maximum Speed 100 mph (40 mph for Euston e.c.s. duties)
Horsepower (full field) 3320 hp
Horsepower (weak field) 3310 hp
Maximum Rail Horsepower 5500 hp
Maximum Tractive Effort 48000 lb
Continuous Tractive Effort 17000 lb at 73 mph
Brake Force 38 tons
Electric Train Heating Index 66

EQUIPMENT DETAILS

Transformer and Control Gear Oil cooled, High Tension Tap Changing
Rectifier Type Mercury Arc multi anode air cooled
Later replaced by Silicon rectifiers
Voltage Detection Equipment (never used) Potential transformer
Bogie Type Cast steel, swing link suspension
Circuit Breaker Type AEI Air Blast Circuit Breaker
Traction Motor Type AEI (BTH) 189Z 6-pole (847 hp)
Traction Motor Drive Alsthom Quill
Gear Ratios 29/76
Pantograph Type 2 x Stone-Faiveley (one later removed),
E3055 1 x Stone Faiveley + 1 x AEI "cross-arm",
later 82008 had 1 x AEI "cross-arm"
Locomotive Brake Type Air
Train Brake Type Vacuum, later Vacuum and Air

Class 82 Data

1st E Number (1959)2nd E Number (1960)1st TOPS Number2nd TOPS NumberDepartmental NumberNetwork Rail '89' NumberLast NumberBuilderIntroStatusNotesNames1965 Proposed Names
E3046 E3046AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockMay-60Scrapped 1971: BREL CreweEros
E3047 82001 82001AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockJul-60Scrapped 1985: Vic Berry LeicesterKensal Green Crash (1977)Explorer
E3048 82002 82002AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockAug-60Scrapped 1984: Vic Berry Leicester
E3049 82003 82003AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockAug-60Scrapped 1993: CF Booth Rotherham
E3050 82004 82004AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockSep-60Scrapped 1984: Vic Berry Leicester
E3051 82005 82005AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockOct-60Scrapped 1993: CF Booth Rotherham
E3052 82006 82006AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockDec-60Scrapped 1984: Vic Berry Leicester
E3053 82007 82007AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockJan-62Scrapped 1984: Vic Berry Leicester
E3054 82008 8955482008AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockNov-61Preserved 1997: The AC Locomotive GroupOriginally preserved by Pete Waterman. Railtrack '89' number allocated but never used.
E3055 E3055AEI (MV) / Beyer PeacockApr-62Scrapped 1970: BREL CreweCarried one AEI 'Cross Arm' pantograph and one Stone Faiveley pantograph when new. After withdrawal (due to fire damage) was proposed for conversion to a thyristor prototype.